AANS Opening Ceremonies: Global Issues in Healthcare and Innovations
Paul Farmer, MD, PhD
Paul Farmer, MD, PhD is an American anthropologist and physician who is best known for his humanitarian work providing suitable health care to rural and under-resourced areas in developing countries, beginning in Haiti. Co-founder of an international social justice and health organization, Partners In Health (PIH), he is known as "the man who would cure the world."
Farmer is currently the Kolokotrones University Professor at Harvard University and an attending physician and chief of the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. He is board certified in internal medicine and infectious disease. In May 2009, he was named chair of Harvard Medical School's Department of Global Health and Social Medicine. Dr. Farmer resides in Kigali, Rwanda, as of 2008 and is editor-in-chief of Health and Human Rights Journal.
Michael M. Haglund MD, PhD, MACM, FAANS, FCS (ECSA)
Michael M. Haglund MD, PhD, MACM, FAANS, FCS (ECSA) is the division chief of Duke’s Division of Global Neurosurgery and Neurology (DGNN). Founded in October 2104, it is the first Division in the U.S. dedicated to global neurosurgery. Over the last decade, Dr. Haglund has led 16 teams of 20-55 medical professionals to East Africa to build neurosurgical capacity and develop a neurological surgical training program while outfitting Uganda neurosurgical operating theaters with modern equipment and facilities.
The Duke Neurosurgery program has provided over 82 tons of medical equipment and supplies, valued at over $10 million, to upgrade operating rooms and provide intensive care units and recovery rooms at two sites. Dr. Haglund is the co-director of the Uganda Neurosurgery Training Program which has successfully graduated three trainees who are now serving at the third neurosurgical unit established in Uganda. The DGNN has over 50 members working with counterparts in Uganda, and through collaborations with the Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery (FIENS) and Stanford University, perform research and training on a wide range of neurosurgical issues with a focus on building capacity, identifying barriers to care and improving overall health care.
Walter D. Johnson, MD, FAANS(L)
Walter D. Johnson, MD, FAANS(L), leads the Emergency and Essential Surgical Care at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland. Dr. Johnson completed his MD at Loma Linda University in California, a neurosurgery residency at SUNY Brooklyn, followed by a neurovascular fellowship at UCLA. He has been involved in academic neurosurgery since that time and was the vice chair of neurosurgery at Loma Linda University for a decade. He retired from active clinical practice in 2009.
He has also been involved with global surgery during the majority of his career, teaching as a visiting professor in Hangzhou, China, for several years and being directly involved in developing general surgery residency training programs throughout Africa. Dr. Johnson also holds an Executive MBA from the Peter F. Drucker and Masatoshi Ito School of Management at Claremont Graduate University, as well as a Master’s degree in Public Health from that same institution. He also serves on several non-profit boards, including the boards of the Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery (FIENS) and Operation Giving Back of the American College of Surgeons (ACS).
Vanessa Kerry, MD, MSc
Vanessa Kerry, MD, MSc, is the co-founder and CEO of Seed Global Health, a non-profit that deploys US health professionals to serve as educators and faculty in resource-limited countries to build a pipeline of future in-country providers and educators, strengthen healthcare delivery capacity and provide a new type of global diplomacy.
Dr. Kerry helped Seed Global Health establish the Global Health Service Partnership (GHSP), a public-private partnership with the Peace Corps, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the countries where the program works. Since 2013, GHSP has sent volunteers to Uganda, Malawi and Tanzania and trained over 10,000 doctors, nurses and health professionals. The program now works in Swaziland and Liberia as well.
She graduated from Yale University summa cum laude and Harvard Medical School cum laude, completing her clinical training at Massachusetts General Hospital. She earned her Master’s in Health Policy, Planning, and Financing from the London Schools of Economics and of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She is currently a physician at Mass General and serves as the Associate Director of Partnerships and Global Initiatives at MGH Global Health. She directs the Global Public Policy and Social Change program.
Sanjay K. Gupta, MD, FAANS
The AANS Opening Ceremonies will be moderated by CNN’s chief medical correspondent and Emory University Assistant Professor of Neurological Surgery, Sanjay K. Gupta, MD, FAANS.
Sunday, April 23
Roberto C. Heros, MD, FAANS(L)
Roberto C. Heros, MD, FAANS(L), attended medical school at the University of Tennessee. Following an internship and first year general surgery residency at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), he joined the U.S. Air Force (USAF) for two years with the rank of Major, USAF. In 1995, Dr. Heros moved to the University of Miami where he was founding director of the University of Miami International Health Center.
Dr. Heros has been chair of the Editorial Board of Neurosurgery and co-chair of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS) and serves on the Editorial Board of seven other journals. He was the founding chair of the Brain Attack Coalition and the Neurovascular Committee of the World Federation of Neurological Societies (WFNS). He has served as vice president of the CNS and as president of the AANS, the American Academy of Neurological Surgeons and the World Congress of the WFNS. In 2007, he won the coveted Parker J. Palmer “Courage to Teach” award of the ACGME. He was the 2010 AANS Cushing Medalist.
Monday, April 24
Salman Khan is the founder and CEO of Khan Academy, a not-for-profit organization with the mission of “providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere.” Khan Academy is a learning platform comprised of instructional videos, practice exercises, dashboard analytics and teacher tools which empower learners inside and outside of the classroom. Khan Academy currently reaches over 26 million registered students in 190 countries, features a library of over 7,000 video lessons in more than 36 languages and covers a variety of subjects from math to science, history, economics, computer science and more.
Mr. Khan holds three degrees from MIT and an MBA from Harvard Business School. He has been profiled by 60 Minutes, featured on the cover of Forbes Magazine and recognized as one of TIME Magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World.” In late 2012, Mr. Khan released his book The One World Schoolhouse: Education Reimagined.
Theodore Kurze Lecture
David B. Agus, MD
David B. Agus, MD, is one of the world's leading doctors and pioneering biomedical researchers. Over the past 20 years, he has received acclaim for his innovations in medicine and contributions to new technologies, which continue to change the perception of health and empower people around the world to maintain healthy lives.
Dr. Agus is professor of medicine and engineering at the University of Southern California, where he leads USC's Westside Cancer Center and Center for Applied Molecular Medicine. He also serves as a CBS News contributor. An international leader in new technologies and approaches for personalized health care, he co-founded two revolutionary companies: Navigenics and Applied Proteomics. Dr. Agus' first book, The End of Illness, was published in 2012 and is a New York Times #1 and international bestseller and subject of a PBS special. His second book, New York Times bestselling A Short Guide to a Long Life, was published January 2014, and his newest book The Lucky Years: How to Thrive in the Brave New World of Health, was published Jan. 5, 2016.
AANS Presidential Address
Frederick A. Boop, MD, FAANS
Frederick A. Boop, MD, FAANS, received his medical degree from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. He completed his internship at The University of Texas Health Science Center; his residency at The University of Texas Health Science Center; his neurology rotation at the Institute of Neurology, The National Hospital, Queen’s Square, in London; his pediatric neurosurgery rotation at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto; his epilepsy and functional neurosurgery fellowship at the University of Minnesota; and his pediatric neurosurgery fellowship at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.
Dr. Boop is currently the JT Robertson professor and chair of the department of neurosurgery at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, Tenn. Additionally, he works as the co-director of the LeBonheur Neuroscience Institute.
Aside from his leadership role within the AANS, Dr. Boop’s professional memberships include the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS), the American Board of Pediatric Neurological Surgery (ABPNS), the International Society of Pediatric Neurosurgeons (ISPN) and NeurosurgeryPAC, where he served as president. In 2010, he received the Endowed Chair of Pediatric Neurosurgery at St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital.
Ronald L. Bittner Lecture
Russell R. Lonser, MD, FAANS
Russell R. Lonser, MD, FAANS, received his MD from Loma Linda University Medical School and completed his neurological surgery residency training at the University of Utah. During his residency training, he completed a research fellowship at the Surgical Neurology Branch in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) in the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He returned to the Surgical Neurology Branch in 2001 and was later appointed as branch chief. He initiated the NINDS Neurological Surgery Residency Training Program in 2010 and was its inaugural program director.
Dr. Lonser was recruited to the Ohio State University (OSU) in 2012. He is currently professor and chair of the Department of Neurological Surgery at The Ohio State University. He has authored more than 250 scientific and clinical publications. He is on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS) and Neurosurgery and is consulting editor for the Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. He is past-president of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS). He is head of the Research Subcommittee for the National Football League (NFL). His current research is focused on drug delivery for treatment of neurologic disorders as well as tumor biology and treatment.
Vincent Traynelis, MD, FAANS
Vincent C. Traynelis, MD, FAANS, received his MD from West Virginia University School of Medicine. Following residency, he was a member of the department of neurosurgery at the University of Iowa for 20 years, rising to the rank of professor. He joined Rush University Medical Center in 2009 where he is currently the A. Watson Armour and Sarah Armour Presidential Professor, director of the Spine Service and vice chair of the department. He is also the director of both the Neurosurgery Spine Fellowship and the Neurosurgery Residency programs.
Dr. Traynelis has an active clinical practice that focuses on surgery of the cervical spine and craniovertebral junction. He specializes in complex spine surgery, spinal deformity, arthroplasty and reconstruction, spinal tumors and spinal cord tumors.
He is a past president of the CNS and the Cervical Spine Research Society, past chairperson of the Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, director of the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) for six years and served as the 2014-2015 vice chair.
Arthur E. Marlin, MD, FAANS
Arthur E. Marlin, MD, FAANS, is past chair of the AANS/CNS Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery. Currently a professor of neurosurgery at the University of South Florida, he has edited seven books on pediatric neurosurgery and wrote the Handbook of Pediatric Neurosurgery and Neurology. Dr. Marlin trained at McGill University, University of Minnesota and New York University. His most influential mentors have been Drs. Theodore Brown Rasmussen, MD, Joseph Ransohoff, MD, and Fredrick J. Epstein, MD. He was the founding CEO at The Methodist Children's Hospital of South Texas and held that position for five years while in the active practice of pediatric neurosurgery. He is a senior member of the American Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ASPN). He has limited his practice to pediatric neurosurgery for nearly 40 years.
L. Nelson (Nick) Hopkins III, MD, FAANS
L. Nelson (Nick) Hopkins III, MD, FAANS, is a pioneer in the minimally invasive, catheter-based treatment of vascular diseases of the brain which cause stroke. After graduating cum laude from Albany Medical College, he trained in surgery at Case Western Reserve followed by neurology and neurosurgery at SUNY Buffalo.
He conceived and led the design and development of a new approach to minimally invasive treatment of cardiovascular disease and stroke with the $300 million Gates Vascular Institute in Buffalo, N.Y.
Dr. Hopkins served as chair of the Department of Neurosurgery at SUNY Buffalo for nearly 25 years, has authored over 400 peer-reviewed publications and has received numerous national and international awards for his contributions to neurosurgery.
In 2012, he was named SUNY Distinguished Professor, the highest academic achievement in New York State. Dr. Hopkins has also been active in entrepreneurship and has helped found and served on the board of several medical technology start-ups.
He and his wife, Bonnie, live in Buffalo and Jackson, Wyo., and have three children and eight grandchildren.
Setti S. Rengachary, MD Memorial Lecture and Horsley History Lecture
Michel Zerah, PhD
Michel Zerah, PhD, is head of the department of pediatric neurosurgery in the Hopital des Enfants Malades (Necker Hospital) in Paris, France. He is president of the French Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, past-president of the European society of Pediatric Neurosurgery and treasurer of the French Language Society of Neurosurgery. He is also a member of the French National Academy of Surgery.
He has been trained in Paris and has a PhD in Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science. He has been in charge of the European course of Pediatric Neurosurgery from 2002 to 2014. He is particularly involved in pediatric neurosurgical training in developing countries, specifically in Africa and Asia, and since 1998, he has developed a special collaboration with the Pediatric Neurosurgery organization in South Vietnam. He has published 199 medical articles, more than 40 book chapters and has given more than 350 international invited lectures.
Tuesday, April 25
From 2011 to 2015, Meg Whitman served as president and chief executive officer of Hewlett Packard, leading the company's turnaround and subsequent separation into two Fortune 100 companies - Hewlett Packard Enterprise and HP Inc. Meg Whitman also served as president and chief executive officer of eBay Inc. from 1998 to 2008, where she oversaw its growth from 30 employees and $4 million in annual revenue to more than 15,000 employees and $8 billion in annual revenue.
She has also held executive-level positions at Hasbro, Inc., FTD Companies, Inc., The Stride Rite Corporation, The Walt Disney Company and Bain & Company. She currently serves as chair of the Board of HP Inc. and as a director for The Procter & Gamble Company and SurveyMonkey.
Meg holds a bachelor's degree from Princeton University and an MBA from Harvard University.
Richard C. Schneider Lecture
Kevin J. Tracey, MD
Kevin J. Tracey, MD, is president and CEO of The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research; professor of neurosurgery and molecular medicine at the Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine; and executive vice president, research at Northwell Health in New York. His contributions to science include discovery and molecular mapping of neural circuits that control immune responses and developing this as a method for treating rheumatoid arthritis in a successful clinical trial. He discovered the molecular basis for inflammation occurring in the absence of infection by identifying HMGB1, an abundant component in cell nuclei, as a therapeutic target at the intersection of sterile and infective inflammation.
An inventor with more than 60 U.S. patents, his biotechnology experience includes co-founding three companies. He is co-founder and councilor of the Global Sepsis Alliance, a non-profit organization supporting the efforts of more than 1 million caregivers in more than 70 countries to understand and combat sepsis.
John Loeser Lecture
Konstantin V. Slavin, MD, FAANS
Konstantin V. Slavin, MD, FAANS, is professor, chief of stereotactic and functional neurosurgery section and fellowship director for stereotactic and functional neurosurgery in the department of neurosurgery at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC).
Dr. Slavin graduated from medical school in Baku, the Soviet Union, and completed his neurosurgery residency in Moscow. He completed his second neurosurgery residency at UIC and a fellowship in functional and stereotactic neurosurgery at Oregon Health Sciences University.
He is an immediate past president of the American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (ASSFN) and vice secretary/treasurer of the World Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (WSSFN). He is also the director (ex-officio) and past secretary of the North American Neuromodulation Society (NANS) and director-at-large of the International Neuromodulation Society (INS).
Dr. Slavin is published in many books and peer-reviewed journals and is an associate editor or editorial board member for a number of publications, including Neuromodulation, Neurosurgery, Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Surgical Neurology International and others.
Wednesday, April 26
Louise Eisenhardt Lecture
Amy Cuddy, PhD
Amy Cuddy, PhD, is a social psychologist and professor at Harvard Business School. She studies how our body language speaks not just to others but also to ourselves. Specifically, her research focuses on how adopting powerful, expanse postures (imagine crossing the finish line in first place) helps us to be more present in high-pressure situations, changing our thoughts, feelings, behaviors and physiology, and impacting how well – or poorly – we perform in job interviews, difficult conversations, public speeches, etc. Her TED Talk on this topic is the second-most-viewed of all time, at nearly 40 million views.
She was one of Time Magazine’s 2012 “Game Changers,” Business Insider’s 2013 “50 Women Who Are Changing The World," and in 2014 was named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. She teaches courses at Harvard on power, influence and communication. Her book, Presence (Little, Brown, 2015), a New York Times bestseller, has been published in 30 languages.
Rhoton Family Lecture
Evandro Pinto da Luz de Oliveira, MD, PhD,
Evandro de Oliveira, MD, PhD, IFAANS is currently a professor of neurosurgery, the director of the Institute of Neurological Sciences, head of neurosurgery at Hospital São José, chief of the medical residency program of neurosurgery at the Hospital Beneficência Portuguesa of Sao Paulo, as well as director of the microsurgery laboratory, where he works with numerous colleagues from around the world for training and for continuing education courses.
His academic production is remarkable and includes several papers and book chapters. Honored by several prestigious lectureships and presented with honorary memberships in skull base and neurosurgical societies abroad, he has been invited to numerous presentations and visiting professorships in national and international universities.
Dr. de Oliveira's main areas of interest include, but are not limited to, microsurgical anatomy, cerebrovascular surgery and skull base surgery.
Van Wagenen Lecture
Prof. Dr. Magdalena Goetz
Prof. Dr. Magdalena Goetz is the director of the Institute of Stem Cell Research at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and chair of the Department of Physiological Genomics at the Medical Faculty of the LMU, München. She is a developmental biologist specializing in the analysis of molecular fate determinants both during development and in adult neurogenesis. One of her major contributions was the discovery that radial glial cells are a major source of neurons in the developing nervous system. She has extensive experience in the use of genetic mouse models as well as viral vectors to manipulate fate determinants in the developing and adult nervous system in vivo.
Her research aims to elucidate the key mechanisms of neurogenesis in the developing and adult brain. Neurogenesis persists only in very few regions of the adult mammalian forebrain, and neurons degenerated after acute or chronic injury, are not replaced in the adult mammalian brain. To overcome this, Dr. Goetz and her team study neurogenesis when and where it works with the aim to reactivate these mechanisms and re-instruct neurogenesis after brain injury.
Robert H. Rosenwasser, MD, FAANS
Robert H. Robert H. Rosenwasser, MD, FAANS, attended attended Louisiana State University (LSU) in New Orleans and graduated in 1975 with a BS from Nicholls State University in Thibodaux, La. He received his MD from LSU in Shreveport, La., in 1979. Dr. Rosenwasser took a general surgery internship and residency in neurological surgery at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia. In 1984, he was a fellow in neurovascular surgery under at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, and from 1992 to 1993, he had a fellowship in interventional neuroradiology at New York University. He is certified in Neurocritical Care and is a founding member of the Society of Neurocritical Care.
In 1994, Dr. Rosenwasser became a professor of neurosurgery at Thomas Jefferson University and director of interventional neuroradiology at the Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience. Dr. Rosenwasser was division chief of the Division of Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventional Neuroradiology at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. In 2004, he was appointed as chair of the Department of Neurological Surgery. He is also a Fellow of the American Heart Association (AHA).
He is past-president of the Society of University Neurosurgeons and past chair of the AANS/CNS Cerebrovascular Section. He has published over 300 peer-reviewed publications, abstracts and book chapters. He has co-edited five textbooks on cerebral ischemia, cerebral areteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and interventional neuroradiology/endovascular neurosurgery.
Rajiv Midha, MD, MSc, FAANS, FCAHS
Rajiv Midha, MD, MSc, FAANS, FCAHS, was born in India in 1962 and immigrated to North America in 1972. He received his medical degree in 1987, MSc in 1991 under Susan Mackinnon’s supervision and neurosurgical training, completed in 1995, all from the University of Toronto. He obtained clinical fellowships in peripheral nerve neurosurgery at St. Michaels’ Hospital in Toronto and at Louisiana State University (LSU) in New Orleans.
Dr. Midha has published over 135 peer-reviewed articles with over 300 total publications, mostly related to peripheral nerve neurobiology and surgery. Dr. Midha is internationally recognized as an authority on peripheral nerve surgery, having given over 250 lectures world-wide and serving as past president of the two foremost international societies related to this specialty: the American Society for Peripheral Nerve and the Sunderland Society. In addition, he is the current and ongoing section editor and board member for peripheral nerve for all three of the most prominent neurosurgery journals: Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS), Neurosurgery and World Neurosurgery.
Charles Tator Lecture
Marios C. Papadopoulos, MD
Marios C. Papadopoulos, MD, is the professor of neurosurgery at St. George’s, University of London. He graduated from the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford and completed his neurosurgery training in London (clinical) and San Francisco (research).
Dr. Papadopoulos and his co-investigator, Dr. Saadoun, have developed a novel technique to monitor intraspinal pressure and spinal cord perfusion pressure in patients with acute, severe spinal cord injury. This technique can be used to guide management and is analogous to monitoring intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure in patients with severe brain injury. Drs. Papadopoulos and Saadoun showed that intraspinal pressure monitoring is safe, and after spinal cord injury, the swollen cord becomes compressed against the surrounding dura. Therefore, in addition to bony decompression, expansion duroplasty is essential for effectively decompressing the injured spinal cord. Recently, they developed microdialysis monitoring from the injury site to define the optimum spinal cord perfusion pressure after injury.