Patient Information
Neurosurgery Awareness Month

Family Bike Helmets Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a growing health concern around the world, particularly in developed countries where it is one of the leading causes of death and disability in young adults. A TBI can either result from blunt trauma, such as when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or from penetrating trauma, such as when an object pierces through the skull and enters brain tissue. Symptoms of TBI can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent of damage to the brain.

About 1.5 million cases of TBI occur in the U.S. every year. Of those cases, approximately 80,000 to 90,000 people experience lifelong disability as a result of their TBI, with about 50,000 cases resulting in death. A recent study conducted by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) found that even mild traumatic brain injury, such as concussion, can cause brain damage, with clear signs of continued disruption of brain cells one year after the initial injury.

Increasing efforts to promote research and development of new techniques to help monitor and treat TBI patients will have a significant societal impact. With an estimated 2.4 million TBI-related emergency-department visits in the U.S. each year, members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) want to stress the need for TBI awareness.

To get more information about Neurosurgery Awareness Month, visit our Facebook and Twitter pages, where you will find statistics, facts and videos about neurosurgical conditions and treatments.

TBI Research in the News

In honor of Neurosurgery Awareness Month, AANS Neurosurgeon — the AANS’ socioeconomic online magazine — is pleased to bring you a special TBI edition of Newsline; featuring headlines from around the globe regarding newly released research on noteworthy advances in the field of neurosurgery, as well as the latest news, human-interest stories and other important news items pertinent to the neurosurgical community.

Here are some recent articles highlighting TBI news and research:

Even Mild Traumatic Brain Injury May Cause Brain Damage
After a Concussion, Which Teens Will Have Emotional Symptoms?
Study: TBI in Veterans May Increase Risk of Dementia
Cognitive Performance Can be Improved in Teens Years After TBI
Assessing Type of TBI in Military Personnel
Older Migraine Sufferers May Have More Silent Brain Injury
Veterans with Blast Exposure TBI May Have Unrecognized Pituitary Dysfunction
Study: High-school Athletes' Concussion Rates Doubled in Seven Years
Concussions Becoming More Common in Variety of Sports
NFL Concussion Settlement: Hershey’s Dr. Robert Harbaugh Says League is Heading in Right Direction

TBI Information for Patients

Please click here to read more information about TBI, through the AANS’ Patient Information pages.

To view the recently updated Sports-related Head Injury page, please click here.

To view the recently updated Concussion page, please click here.

TBI Research and Discussion on YouTube

To find additional educational resources, the AANS and the Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation (NREF) offer a series of educational videos that can be found on YouTube.

Here are some recent videos, highlighting TBI research. Watch for additional videos to be added throughout the month:

NREF-sponsored Research: 2014 Medical Student Summer Research Fellowship (MSSRF) Award Winning Abstract: A Dose-Dependent Response of Neuroinflammation after Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

TBI Resources for Communities and Physicians

The AANS makes educational resources available, to assist neurosurgeons in educating community groups, athletic teams and public schools on concussions:

Concussion and Sports: Useful Prevention and Treatment Information for Your Community from America’s Neurosurgeons

TBI and Concussion Prevention Campaigns

Utilize these public resources for public TBI, concussion and injury-prevention campaigns:

ThinkFirst! National Injury Prevention Foundation
Heads Up: Concussion from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Help Fund Current and Future TBI Research

The Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation (NREF) is the philanthropic arm of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. NREF funds research into new and existing neurosurgical treatments, helping neurosurgeons save and improve lives every day. If you would like to share a story of how your neurosurgeon helped you, please contact the NREF at To make a donation that supports neurosurgery research and education, visit

Click here to book housing for the 2015 AANS Annual Scientific Meeting! Click here to submit your abstracts!