Monday, April 15
7:00 am - 9:00 am
106 Sherrington's Influence on Neurosurgery and the Incorporation of Neurophysiology into the Neurosurgical Research Paradigm: A Seminar
Moderator(s): T Forcht Dagi, MD, MPH, MBA, DMedSc, FAANS
Panelist(s): Charles J. Prestigiacomo, MD, FAANS; Mark C. Preul, MD; Chris A. Sloffer, MD, MBA, FAANS
In the 19th century, the scientific basis of neurosurgery depended on functional anatomy for cerebral localization. Under the British physician, physiologist, and Nobel Laureate, Sir Charles Sherrington (1857 - 1952), neurophysiology rose to the same or even superior status. The significance to neurosurgery of the addition of neurophysiology to neuroanatomy is not widely appreciated. In 1901, Harvey Cushing came to Liverpool study under Sherrington. He stayed for eight months. For 38 years following his departure, he and Sherrington engaged in a personal and scientific correspondence. Even though Sherrington's work had been roundly criticized by Victor Horsley, the relationship with Cushing was untarnished. Cushing pursued electrophysiological studies of the brain, and Sherrington endorsed the physiological data that emerged from neurosurgery. A number of other illustrious neurosurgical scientists, notably William Sweet and Wilder Penfield, came to study with Sherrington. Through select readings provided to the attendees, this seminar shall examine Sherrington's influence on neurosurgery and the incorporation of neurophysiology into the neurosurgical research paradigm. Attendees shall be given all necessary reading material 8 weeks prior to the session in order to encourage a lively and interactive discussion about Sherrington's influence on the growth of neurosurgery.
- Recognize the setting in which Sherrington's work influenced the young field of neurosurgery.
- Describe the methods which Sherrington introduced into neurosurgery.
- Discuss the ways in which Sherrington's legacy still lives on in modern-day neurosurgery.